In the 2015 case of R v Chanalquay SKCA 141 the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal concluded that the sentencing judge misapplied the concepts in Gladue and Ipeelee. The offender was convicted of sexual assault. The Court concluded that although sexual assault is a serious crime, ‘the sentencing judge should have asked himself how a restorative justice approach might have allowed him to reduce or limit the term of imprisonment…while still meeting the sentencing objectives of the case before him’ (para. 54). The sentencing judge’s assessment of two years less a day jail term was left intact and supplemented by an 18 month ‘probation order aimed at restorative justice goals’ (para. 59).